The secretary bird is easily distinguished by the fiery orange markings on its face and the crest of feathers atop its head. This bird of prey has long legs and grey plumage, with black on the wings. Their diet consists of snakes, other reptiles, amphibians, tortoises, rats and even small mammals and young birds. When it comes to breeding the pairs are monogamous, and work together to build the nest. Two to three eggs are usually laid and take about 50 days to hatch. The young are fed on small mammals and can fly after about eight weeks. Other than pairs staying together, these birds are not particularly gregarious.

Secretary birds can fly, but spend most of their time on the ground where they find their food and can use their long legs very well. The crest of feathers on its head will spread when hunting and it searches for food with a short, hooked beak. They can be found in plains and savannahs in sub-Saharan Africa. The secretary bird is a vulnerable species. Threats to the population include habitat loss and degradation due to human interference.